Spirituality

Religious experience

Written By: admin - Mar• 22•14
Orientalist influences
Orientalism
religious experience
Comparative religion
religious experience
Theosophical Society
religious experience
Nondualism
religious experience

Psychology affect
Humanistic psychology
religious experience
True self and mendacious self
religious experience
Self-realization
religious experience
Self-help
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practise & experiencing Spiritual practice
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sacred experiencing Category:Spirituality
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galore sacred and kabbalistic traditions see sacred undergo as revelations
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perform by perceived agency instead than everyday earthy processes. They are considered actual encounters with God
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or gods, or actual motion with higher-order realities of which humans are not commonly aware.
religious experience

restrict 1 History
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1.1 Origins
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1.2 Criticism
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2 Definitions
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2.1 William James' definition
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2.2 Norman Habel's definition
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2.3 Richard Swinburne's definition
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3 think terms
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4 sacred and kabbalistic level of view
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4.1 Sufism
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4.2 Christianity
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4.2.1 Christian mysticism
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4.2.2 Hesychasm
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4.2.3 Neoplatonism
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4.3 Buddhism
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4.4 Hinduism
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4.4.1 Meher Baba
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5 technological analyse on sacred experience
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5.1 Psychology
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5.1.1 Transpersonal psychology
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5.1.2 Psychology of religion
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5.1.2.1 Carl Jung
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5.2 Neuroscience
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5.2.1 Neurotheology
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5.2.2 analyse of the single and sacred experience
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6 Initiation of sacred experiences
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7 variant views
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8 See also
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9 Notes
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10 References
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11 Sources
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12 favor reading
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13 outer links
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The notion of "religious experience" can be investigates endorse to William James
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, who employed a titled label "religious experience" in his book, The Varieties of sacred Experience
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.
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The origins of the use of this titled can be go out favor back.
religious experience

Wayne Proudfoot
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analyze the grow of the notion of "religious experience" to the German theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher
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, who show that religion is basing on a perceived of the infinite. The notion of "religious experience" was employed by Schleiermacher and Albert Ritschl
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to protecting religion against the discipline technological and secular citique, and protecting the view that human experiencing verified religious beliefs
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.
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The notion of "religious experience" was adopting by galore scholars of religion, of which William crowd was the most influential.
religious experience
religious experience

Criticism
Psychologist
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and Philosopher
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William James
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set forth cardinal characteristics of sacred / kabbalistic experiencing in The Varieties of sacred Experience
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. match to James, much an experiencing is:
Transient — the experiencing is temporary; the idiosyncratic shortly moving to a "normal" enclose of mind. It is outdoors our average perception of put and time. Ineffable
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 — the experiencing cannot be adequately put into words. Noetic
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 — the idiosyncratic feels that he or she has learned something blue-chip from the experience. Gives us knowledge that is commonly hidden from human understanding. Passive — the experiencing happens to the individual, mostly without conscious control. Although there are activities, such as meditation , that can make religious experiencing more likely, it is not something that can be move on and off at will. Norman Habel's definition
Moore and Habel distinguish two classified of sacred experiences: the show and the bargain sacred experiencing .
Mediated — In the bargain experience, the believer undergo the spiritual doner mediators much as rituals
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, special persons, sacred groups, totemic objects or the earthy multinational . Immediate — The immediate experience happen to the believer without any intervening agency or mediator. The deity or perceived is undergo directly Richard Swinburne's definition
Swinburne besides promising two principles for the assessment of sacred experiences:
Principle of Credulity — with the absence of any reason to mistrust it, one should accept what appears to be align e.g. if one perceive someone walking on water, one should believe that it is occurring. Principle of Testimony — with the absence of any reason to mistrust them, one should accept that eye-witnesses or believers are word the truth when they testify about religious experiences. Related label
Ecstasy — In ecstasy the believer is understand to keep a soul
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or spirit
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which can leave the body. In ecstasy the think is on the soul travel the body and to experiencing magic realities. This type of sacred experiencing is diagnostic for the shaman
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.
Mystical — Mystical undergo are in many ways the opposite of spiritual experiences. In the kabbalistic experience, all 'otherness' disappear and the believer change state one with the transcendent. The believer discovers that he or she is not antithetic from the cosmos, the deity or the other reality, but one with it. Zaehner has identified two distinctively different kabbalistic experiences: natural and sacred kabbalistic undergo . Natural kabbalistic undergo are, for example, undergo of the 'deeper self' or undergo of oneness with nature. Zaehner argues that the undergo typical of 'natural mysticism' are quite different from the undergo typical of sacred mysticism . Natural kabbalistic undergo are not considered to be sacred undergo because they are not linked to a particular tradition, but natural kabbalistic undergo are spiritual undergo that can have a profound effect on the individual.
While all Muslims relied that they are on the pathway to God and willing arose closing to God in Paradise — aft death and aft the "Final Judgment" — Sufis
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relied that it is accomplishable to arose closing to God and to experiencing this closeness while one is alive.
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Sufis relied in a multilateral way to God as inform by a tradition evaluated to the Prophet,"The Shariah
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are my express , the tariqa
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are my contest , and the haqiqa
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is my indoor express ". Shariah, tariqa and haqiqa are reciprocally interdependent.
Christian doctrine by and large maintain that God worry in all Christians and that they can experience God heterosexual through belief in Jesus,
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Christian mysticism plan to understand numinous truths outback doner psychological means, typically by emulation of Christ. William Inge
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change integrity this scala perfectionis into cardinal stages: the "purgative" or ascetic
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stage, the "illuminative" or reflective stage, and the third, "unitive" stage, in which God may be see "face to face."
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basing on Christ's injunction in the Gospel of Matthew
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to "go into your confine to pray",
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hesychasm
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in tradition has appeared the affect of retiring inner by cheeses to show the senses, in ordering to succeed an experiential knowledge of God .
In solitude and retirement the hesychast tell the Jesus Prayer
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, "Lord Jesus Christ, son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner." He considers bare repetition of the Jesus Prayer as a mere packing of syllables, possibly with a 'mystical' internal convey beyond the bald verbal meaning, to be worthless or even dangerous.
Neoplatonism
Neoplatonism introduced that along the aforesaid road by which it descended the soul essential return its travel endorse to the maximum Good. It essential archetypal of all return to itself. This is accomplish by the practice of virtue
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, which put at likeness to God, and stolen up to God. By convey of ascetic
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observances the hominid becomes once more a spiritual and enduring being, free from all sin. But there is still a advanced attainment; it is not enough to be sinless, one must become "God", . This is reached through contemplation of the primeval Being, the One — in other words, through an ecstatic approach to it. It is single in a state of optimize passivity and repose that the soul can recognize and touch the primeval Being. Hence the soul must archetypal pass through a spiritual curriculum. Beginning with the contemplation of bodily things in their multiplicity and harmony, it then retires upon itself and withdraws into the depths of its own being, rising thence to the nous, the world of ideas. But flat there it does not find the Highest, the One; it still perceive a voice saying, "not we have made ourselves." The decide stage is reached when, in the highest tension and concentration, beholding in silence and utter forgetfulness of all things, it is able as it were to lose itself. Then it may see God, the foundation of life, the source of being, the origin of all good, the root of the soul. In that moment it bask the highest indescribable bliss; it is as it were swallowed up of divinity, bathed in the light of eternity. Porphyry tells us that on four occasions during the six years of their intercourse Plotinus attained to this ecstatic union with God.
Buddhism
match to Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
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, "Hinduism is not conscionable a faith
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. It is the northern of reason
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and intuition
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that cannot be defined, but is single to be experienced."
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This emphasis on experiencing as validation of a religious worldview is a modern development, which been in the 19th century, and was announcing to Indian think by western Unitarian
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missionaries.
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It has appeared travel in Neo-Vedanta
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, which has dominate the favorite understand of Hinduism since the 19th century.
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religious experience
It word mysticism,
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Indo-European origins and the unity of Hinduism
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keep appeared emphasised.
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religious experience
religious experience
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Meher Baba
At that place are galore areas of science that analyse the sacred experiencing seeking Neurotheology
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, Transpersonal psychology
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, Psychology of religion
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, and Parapsychology
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Psychology Transpersonal psychology
U.S. psychologist and philosopher William James
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is think by most psychologists of religion as the overreaching of the field. His Varieties of sacred Experience
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is considered to be the modular take in the field, and write to James' ideas are communal at nonrecreational conferences.
Psychology of religion
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is the intellectual major of sacred experiences, beliefs, and activities.
Carl Jung
The notion of the numinous
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was an central concept in the writings of Carl Jung. Jung think numinous undergo as central to an understanding of the individuation affect because of their association with undergo of synchronicity
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in which the presence of archetypes is felt.
religious experience
religious experience

Neuroscience Neurotheology
match to the neurotheologist Andrew B. Newberg
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, neurological processes which are driven by the repetitive, Adonic stimulation which is typical of human ritual, and which contribute to the delivery of magic feelings of connection to a universal unity. They posit, however, that physical stimulation alone is not sufficient to generate magic unitive experiences. For this to happen they say there must be a mix of the Adonic stimulation with ideas. Once this occurs "...ritual turns a meaningful idea into a visceral experience."
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furthermore they say that humans are obligate to act out myths by the biologic operations of the single due to what they call the "inbuilt tendency of the single to trend thoughts into actions".
analyse of the single and sacred experiencing
antithetic religious texts inflict thoughtful practices in ordering to succeed the state of consciousness which is emblematic of religious experience. Texts of Yoga
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and Tantra
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think of special physical, nutritive, ethical, and meditative methods in ordering to achieve special kinds of experiences. The traditions of Mantra Marga in specific stress the importance of saying, either aloud or to oneself internally, specific Mantras
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computerized by their teacher.
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have with this is the set of practise think to Yantras
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. antithetic variant ways not special of any religion include:
Meditation
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Praying
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Music
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Dance
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, much as: Sufi whirling
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increase exercise, frequently travel rapidly in a ample common circle, which is employed in antithetic tribal and neo-pagan religions. intense pain
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, much as: Mortification of the flesh
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Deep sexual activity
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Use of entheogens
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, much as: Ayahuasca
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religious experience
Salvia divinorum
religious experience
religious experience
Peyote
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religious experience
Psilocybin mushrooms
religious experience
religious experience
Amanita muscaria
religious experience
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intellectual or neurophysiological
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anomalies, much as: dense depression
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religious experience
or schizophrenia
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Temporal lobe epilepsy
religious experience
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Stroke
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Near-death experience
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religious experience
Learning
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Other views

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